A hernia is a condition when an organ in the body pushes it through opening in tissues and muscles holding it in place. Hernias mostly occur in the abdomen section of the body, but they may also appear in groin areas and upper thighs.
Usually, hernias are not life-threatening, but they never go away easily. Sometimes they also require surgery in an attempt to prevent dangerous consequences. They are usually due to weak muscles present during birth.
Moreover, they may also be the outcome of aging and strains of muscles. Some basic symptoms of hernias are bulges and lumps on the abdomen section of the body that may disappear when you lay down. Moreover, dull aching sensation on the lumpy areas, pain during lifting, and on the site of lumps are also some symptoms.
Types Of Hernias
There are many types of hernias depending upon the body parts it affects. Usually, hernias occur in the abdomen, upper thigh, and groin sections of the body. Some common hernias are inguinal (it occurs in the inner groin), femoral (occurs in the outer groin), incisional (from an incision), umbilical (under the belly button), and Hiatal (on upper stomach).
- Inguinal hernias occur when the bladder projects through the wall on the sides of the abdomen into the inguinal canal. This type is most common due to the natural weakness of the area. About 95 percent of all hernias in the groin section are inguinal.
- Femoral hernias are when the intestine enters the femoral artery canal in the upper thigh. It is most common in women who are obese or are in pregnancy.
- In the incisional hernias, the small intestine slips through the abdominal wall to the cavity of previous surgery.
- Umbilical hernias occur when the small intestine crosses the abdomen wall near the navel section. It is very common in newborns when the mother is obese.
- Hiatal hernias are a result of the upper stomach squeezing through the hiatus.
The symptoms of hernias depend upon the type and the body part it is affecting the most. One of the common signs of hernias is the visible lump around the affected area. Moreover, other common symptoms comprise pressure, difficulty while swallowing, heartburns, and cough. In extreme cases, the patient may also feel shooting pain in the area, constipation, and vomiting. This happens due to hernias infecting organs and tissues along with blocking and strangling them.
Diagnosis of hernias can be as simple as undergoing a physical exam. As the hernias make the organs slip from weak ends, it results in lumps and bulges on the body. Moreover, other tests such as ultrasound are also used to scan your body.
Computed tomography, also known as CT scan, is also used to get visuals of the affected area. Barium X-rays are also used for diagnosing hernias as they provide a clear picture of the intestines and digestive system. Endoscopy is also a highly effective way of diagnosing hernias as a small camera at the end of a flexible tube provides the internal condition of the area.
Reasons And Causes
Different types of hernias have different causes. Generally, hernias are the result of continuous pressure on weak muscles. Sometimes weak muscles are due to aging, and other times people are born with weak tissues and muscles.
Hernias may also occur due to a number of different reasons, such as putting excessive weight and strain on muscles and lifting heavyweights in the wrong way. The top five causes why you may have a hernia are;
- Overusing the same muscle of the body may result in strain and weakness.
- It also occurs as a result of being overweight along with poor nutrition.
- Hernias in kids are also common due to the incompletion of certain muscles and tissues.
- It can also result due to exerting pressure during constipation, cough, or sneezing.
- Picking a high-weight object in the wrong way without protecting your abdomen section correctly.
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