Citation: Its importance, methodologies, and its styles


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A citation is a piece of precise information or evidence that must be provided in such a manner that to find the cited information. It is a legit way of informing your readers that some information in your work was derived from another source. It is a reference to a book, journal article, or other sources of information. A citation generator contains the essential pieces of information that allows your reader to locate the article. Referencing a source must be written so that a reader can find it to learn more.

The citation contains the following information

  • Biographical information about the creator/author
  • The work’s title
  • The name and address of the publisher of the copy you obtained from your source
  • The publication date of your copy
  • The page numbers of the cited materials

Importance of citation

The only way to use other people’s work without plagiarizing is to credit the original author by acknowledging sources. The goal of citing or referring to the sources you used in your research are

  •  It’s necessary to cite your sources consistently and exactly; if you reference properly, you will not be held responsible for using someone else’s ideas and words in your research paper.
  • Referencing sources demonstrates how much research you’ve done; citing sources improves your work by providing credibility to your views.
  • Citations are highly useful to anyone who wants to learn more about your ideas and where they came from. It allows your readers to look up your references and learn more about the concepts you mention.
  • It properly gives credit to the authors of the words or ideas you used in your research paper.

Citation Methodologies

The information mentioned in the citation can be found and cited in the following ways:


Endnotes are found at the end of a complete text or sometimes at the end of a chapter/ section, and footnotes are found at the bottom of a page (i.e., in the footer). They give writers a simple way to point readers to more material on the research topic and more citations.

Parenthetical Citations: 

Parenthetical citations are a type of citation included in the APA and MLA formats. They usually include the name of the referenced work’s author and extra information about the source, such as the book’s publication date or the page number where the cited content may be found within the source.

In-text citation:

This method includes a bibliography at the end of the material that provides the reader with pertinent information about the sources utilized.


Quotations must be exact duplicates of the original, with just a small portion of the source used. Quotes must be attributed to the original author and must match the source document word for word. When quoting, make sure to include the correct page number; also, put quotation marks around the cited part.


The goal of paraphrasing is to put other people’s ideas into your own words. The condensed content may be shorter than the original paragraph because it is based on a bigger piece of the source. You must cite the source when paraphrasing. Cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased piece when writing information or ideas from a source in your own words. Never use your perspective while paraphrasing.

What is a citation style?

A citation style refers to the recognized standard to present the cited information. There are numerous styles for citing and writing references, and the style used will be determined by the context in which the material is created and published. Different priorities in terms of concision, readability, dates, authors, publications, and, of course, style are reflected in the number and diversity of citation styles. In addition, the location, arrangement, and syntax of information regarding references change amongst citation styles. For structuring content and citing sources, many academic disciplines have their own set of rules.

The three most common citation styles are frequently used in research work some of them are:

APA Style Citation

The APA is a format style and structure for academic writings like books and journal articles. It is often used for citing sources in the behavioral and social sciences. These rules were created to help with reading comprehension in the social and behavioral sciences, communication clarity, and word choice that best decreases prejudice in language. The APA citation style is used by hundreds of scientific journals, including public health and medical periodicals. It’s also used in a lot of textbooks and academia in general.

MLA Style Citation 

The MLA (Modern Language Association) Style is used frequently in Literature, Arts, and Humanities. For material quoted, summarized, or paraphrased in the text of a paper, MLA style uses parenthetical citations (author, page number). The sources cited in parenthetical citations are compiled as a Works Cited list at the end of the paper.

Chicago Style Citations

In 1906, the Chicago University Press has published a documentation style called ‘The Chicago Manual of Style’. This citation style follows standard American English grammar and punctuation norms. In most cases, the Chicago style provides two core documentation systems: (1) notes and bibliography, and (2) author-date. Because each system is preferred by different scholars, choosing between the two often relies on the topic matter and the nature of sources mentioned. Many people in the humanities, particularly those who work in literature, history, and the arts, favor the notes and bibliography approach. This format includes bibliographic information in the form of notes and, in certain cases, a bibliography.


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