Understanding the visual development in kids


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Healthy vision is a critical part of the development of your child’s brain and motor skills. Any issue with their eyesight can lead to poor performance both in and out of the classroom. Kids under the age of 4 often suffer from vision problems. This is because they are still learning to use their eyes to make sense of their surroundings.

At the time of birth, the visual system in newborns is not developed. It develops with time and the children have a sharper clearer vision by the time they turn 8.

The development of visual skills in kids

A newborn’s eyes are not able to identify their surroundings. Just like they learn how to walk or talk, they also have to learn how to see with their eyes.

The light reflected on the images sends signals to the brain. Their brain registers the images so when the children see them in the future, they can identify them.

In some children, this process is smooth and free of errors. But, some kids may experience vision problems that keep their visual system from being fully developed.

Where babies could only tell dark and light apart in the first month, by the time they hit 4, their vision capabilities become similar to those of an adult.

If your child’s vision is unable to develop on its own, you could use glasses to support the process. In some cases, glasses are a necessity for normal visual development.

Common vision problems in kids

Almost 90% of your children’s understanding of the world around them comes from what they see. It’s important that any problem in your kid’s vision is detected as soon as possible. Here are some common things that hamper your child’s eyesight.

Myopia or nearsightedness

This refers to the inability of the eyes to perceive distant objects. This occurs when their eye is too long or has a high refractive power. If your child always sits too close to the TV and complains about not being able to see clearly if you sillily hit them at a distance, they probably have this problem.

Several clinical studies have suggested that children today are at a higher risk of developing myopia due to increased screen time. So, make sure that your child is using blue light glasses when spending time on the internet.

The best blue light glasses in the UK are able to eliminate 99.99% blue waves to give the best type of protection to your child’s vision.


This problem happens due to the odd shape of the cornea. Thus, the reflections of light do not fall properly on the retina and you get blurry or distorted vision. Get their eyes tested to figure out the degree of astigmatism in their eyes.

Lazy eye

It refers to a problem where children are not able to see as clearly from one eye as they are from the other. The medical term for this problem is Amblyopia. Thus, the brain only takes signals from the good eye and blocks any signal from the bad eye.

Children with this condition are either prescribed to wear an eye patch or corrective glasses. If your toddler is not letting the patch stay on his/her face, get eyeglasses for them. You can get same-day glasses for your child as the prescription is not that strong.

Hyperopia or farsightedness

The child is able to easily recognise distant objects but finds it difficult to see nearby things. It will take a lot of your eyes and brain to get the images correct and thus put more pressure on the neurons and ocular muscles.

What to do if your child’s vision is low?

You certainly can’t let the vision-related problems in your child take the back seat. Here are some tips to make sure that their vision is at its best.

  • Use glasses for any form of refractive error. Any uncorrected refractive error may lead to more severe problems in the future.
  • Make sure your kid is not spending too much time on gadgets. As their eyes are still developing, digital screens can have a negative impact on their visual health.
  • If your child loves playing video games, get them gaming glasses to protect their eyes from bright screen light and digital eye strain. Almost every eyewear retailer makes gaming glasses in the UK for kids. These glasses don’t have any prescription on the lenses but a blue light coating that’s helpful during screen time.
  • Even when your child is surfing the internet, encourage them to take screen breaks. This won’t let screen time put stress or pressure on their delicate eyes.
  • Give them a healthy diet so their eyes become strong from within. It will also support their visual development.
  • Take them for an eye test every year. If they are about to start grade school, see an optometrist to make sure their eyes are ready for school. Use corrective glasses to aid their visual skills.

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